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CONTENTS


  • Foreword by Robert Headland 7

  • Foreword by Philip Dawson 9

  • Introduction 11
    1. The Arctic 11
    1. The Antarctic 13
    1. Polar and Expedition Cruise Ships 15

  • 1: Development of Polar Cruising21
    1. Introduction 21
    1. Polar Cruising Before the First World War 23
    1. The Interwar Years 34
    1. Post-War Extravagance 46
    1. The Lindbald Model 54
    1. The Russians are Coming! 60
    1. Today's Fleet 64
    1. The Future 86

  • 2: Polar Cruising Destinations97
    1. Alaska 97
    1. Antarctic and South Shetlands 101
    1. South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 108
    1. Falkland Islands 111
    1. Canadian Arctic 115
    1. Greenland 122
    1. Iceland 125
    1. Faroe Islands 129
    1. Svalbard Islands 131
    1. North Pole Cruises 136
    1. Nordkapp 137

  • 3: Arctic Passages 141
    1. The Northwest Passage 141
    1. The Northern Sea Route 144

  • 4: Operators 149

  • 5: Safety 151
    1. Cruise Ship Incidents in Polar Waters 151
    1. Ice Class 152

  • 6: Regulations 155
    1. IAATO 157
    1. ATCP 159
    1. CCAMLR 159
    1. AECO 160
    1. National Regulations 160

  • Appendix 1: Past and Present Polar Cruise Ships 163
  • Appendix 2: Cruise Passenger Activity at Major Polar Destinations177
  • Appendix 3: Ships that have Carried Tourists to the North Pole 186
  • Appendix 4: Passenger Ships that have Undertaken a Northwest Passage 190
  • Appendix 5: Passenger Fare Currencies and Present-Day Equivalents192
  • Appendix 6: Known Cruise Ship Incidents in Polar Waters194
  • Notes 199
  • Bibliography 210
  • Indexes 213
  • Acknowledgements 224